Affenchon Breed Card
Affenchon Breed Overview
Mixed Breed Dogs
9-11 inches tall
Country of Origin
Spunky, Funny, Bold
The Affenchon is a fairly new breed with limited documentation on its history and development, although it is thought to have originated in the 1990s. It is a hybrid dog – an Affenpinscher and Bichon Frise mix, which originated from Germany and France, respectively.
The Affenpinscher is one of the oldest dog breeds, with records of their existence dating back to the 1500s. The Bichon Frise is an even older breed, with records indicating their existence as far back as the 1200s when Spanish explorers discovered the breed.
Both breeds were bred for very different purposes, which makes the Affenchon a jack-of-all-trades kind of dog. The Affenpinscher was bred for ratting and hunting vermin, while the Bichon was bred purely as a companion animal. Both of these give the Affenchon a big personality and the ability to bond with humans.
Low End: $700
High End: $1000
Affenchon Physical Traits
While there is no AKC breed standard, the general appearance of the Affenchon breed can be somewhat easily predicted. Since both parents are small and athletic, the Affenchon will be as well.
It will weigh between 7-12 lbs and stand between 9-11 inches at the shoulder. The breed is moderately muscled for a tiny dog and has medium-length, stout legs. The chest is broad and sits lower than the longer hind legs.
With the Affenchon being a hybrid between the Bichon Frise and the Affenpinscher, your dog will grow into characteristics from both dogs. This includes a small size of around 10 pounds, with a boxy body and muscular legs.
The face of the Affenchon can be relatively flat and have flat cheeks or feature a pronounced snout and an expressive smile. The ears are not large but can be rounded and can flop over and droop alongside the face. The eyes are brown, and the nose is black and small, like a button.
Other features of the Affenchon include a somewhat rigid or expressive tail (depending on which parent they are taking after), solid colorings or the main color with large spots, and eyes that sit almost to the side of their face rather than directly in the front. The placement of the eyes can be attributed to the round nature of their head, whose only flat characteristic is the cheeks.
The coat is often curly with white, black, red, or gray colorings and is denser than what is considered to be average for a dog. The coat is low shedding but requires regular clipping. Otherwise, the fur will continue to grow indefinitely.
Size & Weight ❤️
Height: 9-11 inches
Weight: 7-12 pounds
Height: 9-11 inches
Weight: 7-12 pounds
Coat & Color
Brown, red, white, black
Affenchon Temperament and Personality
Overall, the Affenchon temperament is that of a companion dog, meaning they are affectionate and have a big, bright personality. They are barkers that require early socialization to be great around dogs and young children. Generally speaking, they are great with other pets but can be timid or suspicious of strangers.
Training an Affenchon is imperative to having a happy, healthy, and respectful little dog. Beginning with basic obedience commands can help to set the precedent of the human being in charge from day one, but a quiet command may prove handy. These dogs are known to bark, especially when excited. Both breeds in this designer hybrid are strong-willed and known to be a bit stubborn, so patience and determination is a must.
The Affenchon can adapt to most climates and environments. However, they are susceptible to heat. They require up to one hour of exercise per day to be the healthiest they can be. Providing them with plenty of toys and mentally stimulating activities can help to alleviate much of the stress some dog owners may feel when making an Affenchon part of the family.
GOOD WITH KIDS
Yes, overall, the Affenchon is a kid-friendly dog. They are great companions and can bond easily with their humans. Early socialization is the best option for these small dogs when it comes to their tolerance of children, though.
The Affenpinscher, one of the original breeds of this crossbreed, is known to be less patient with small children. Since this breed makes up half of the Affenchon, there is a good chance your dog may inherit this trait, and supervision should be mandatory when your Affenchon is around children.
Good with Other Pets?
GOOD WITH PETS
Yes, the Affenchon is good with other pets. It is commonly accepted that the Affenchon is better with other animals in the household than they are with kids. While that does not mean they are bad with kids, it may mean socializing your dog with other animals will be a breeze.
They are loud, playful, and highly social dogs that love being around other animals, but caution should be used when allowing them around small pets like rats. The Affenpinscher was bred for ratting, and it is possible, if not likely, that your Affenchon may inherit a high prey drive.
Barks a Lot?
Yes, the Affenchon is known for its barking. They are good watchdogs for this reason, but this also means they require some extra training to learn quiet commands. This is especially true if you live in an apartment. Continual, long-term training may be required to encourage your dog to control its barking.
Can Be Left Alone?
Likes Being Alone
Yes, the Affenchon can be left alone. However, they are companion dogs and may be prone to separation anxiety. Training and confidence building can help ease this frustration, but enough exercise and a bit of training may be required to help manage the anxiety.
The Affenchon can be either an easily trainable or a stubborn dog. This is because the two dogs combined to make this breed have opposing temperaments.
The Bichon Frise is highly trainable and seeks to please its owners. The Affenpinscher can be a bit trickier to train. They tend to be more strong-willed than the Bichon and with a significantly higher prey drive.
This prey drive can be controlled through diligent and continued training. Training specifically to keep their prey drive in check with heel commands and recall commands is imperative if your dog develops the traits of an Affenpinscher.
Training sessions will have to be short and to the point, with plenty of positive reinforcement and encouragement to keep their attention. The Affenchon is a small and sensitive dog, and for that reason, that may not take well to more specialized forms of dog training.
The Affenchon dog is a small breed of dog, which means they have different nutritional requirements that are most easily met with dog food formulated for small dogs. They may also require joint and eye supplements to help prevent retinal atrophy and joint issues like patellar luxation. For this reason, an orthopedic dog bed is also a good idea.
The Affenchon is also an athletic breed, with the Affenpinscher being bred specifically to chase down and kill vermin. This means they require a bit of exercise, such as a daily walk, to be at their happiest. This can be a 30-45 minute walk daily or regular socialization at the dog park or at doggie daycare.
Grooming is a must with these dogs. Their fur does not stop growing and is prone to matting and tangles, which can cause significant discomfort. Brushing should be done at least weekly, and regular haircuts should be a priority for keeping the Affenchon comfortable and good-looking.
The Affenchon should be fed high-quality dog food made for small dogs. This will ensure they are receiving the most important nutrients for their joint and eye health while also making sure they are able to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels throughout the day.
Exercise & Activity Levels
The Affenchon needs regular exercise on a daily basis to be at its happiest. This can be a simple walk for 30-45 minutes or a game of fetch. It can also mean providing them with a snuffle mat or other mentally stimulating activity that will help them to burn off excess energy that can lead to nervous behavior like barking and biting.
Grooming is an absolute requirement for these dogs. Their fur is prone to matting and does not stop growing, meaning they need regular haircuts.
For most people, this will mean adding another expense to their annual dog ownership cost, but you can groom your dog at home for a fraction of the price if you have the patience. With that said, however, they are low shedding and considered to be hypoallergenic.
Affenchon Average Lifespan
You can expect an Affenchon to live around 12-15 years. This is a relatively long-lived and healthy dog breed. However, same as any other breed, it is still prone to medical issues.
Commom Health Problems
- Patellar Luxation: This is when the kneecap moves out of place and rides alongside the femoral groove.
- Legg-Calves Perthes Disease: This is characterized as avascular or aseptic necrosis of the femoral head. That is to say, the ball of the upper leg bone begins to degenerate, and this causes the collapse of the hip and leads to arthritis.
- Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a condition that occurs during the growth stage in dogs. It results in the loosening of the hip joint, which causes dysfunction and pain.
- Retinal Atrophy: Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) is a group of degenerative diseases that affect the photoreceptor cells of the eye and causes them to deteriorate over time, eventually leading to blindness.
- Cataracts: Cataracts can occur in young and old dogs. It manifests with whitening of the eye, which results in impaired vision.
Recommended Health Tests
- Ophthalmology examination
- Hips, elbows & knees evaluation
Tips for New Affenchon Owners
If you are a first-time Affenchon owner, consider the following tips:
Find a Reputable Breeder: A good breeder will have a complete paper trail on the lineage of their dogs. They will have comprehensive medical records, and their breeding dogs will often have a show dog pedigree if they do not show dogs themselves. Reputable breeders also have genetic tests performed on their breeding dogs to determine what, if any, diseases or conditions they are going to be prone to in their lifetime.
Get Puppy/Dog Products in Advance: Being completely prepared for your dog’s arrival is paramount to the first impression your dog is going to have of its new home. Get the same dog food the breeders fed them, buy them the appropriate beds and toys, and pick up any harnesses, leashes, collars, dog treats, and supplements before you pick up the dog so you can be ready for the responsibility of dog ownership the moment your new puppy enters your home.
Practice Regular Exams: These small dogs are prone to joint and eye issues that can be mitigated or prevented with regular veterinary visits and proper supplementation provided by your DVM.
Early Socialization: Training and socialization are vital with this breed. While many breeders provide basic obedience training for their new dogs, not all of them do. Even if your breeder is one of those who do train their puppies, it is imperative to keep up with it to raise a well-behaved and respectful dog.
Affenchon Similar Breeds
– Wire Fox Terrier
– Alaskan Klee Kai
– Jack Russel Terrier
– Chilean Fox Terrier
Affenchon Supplies You Need
One of the first things you should prioritize is your dog’s eyes and joints. Start them on the eye and joint supplements as early as possible to help ensure their healthy development and maintenance.
Since the Affenchon is prone to joint problems, an orthopedic dog bed is a great choice. These beds alleviate unnecessary pressure on the joints as dogs lay down and help to keep them feeling light and strong.
Dog food made specifically for small dogs should be a priority when getting an Affenchon. This will help to make their lives as long and as healthy as possible. Dog treats are also a must, especially during the training period. Affenchons can be highly food-driven, and having treats on hand can help to keep the dog engaged and fulfilled.
Best Dog Beds for Affenchons
Best Dog Food for Affenchons
Affenchon Fun Facts
Fun Fact 1
Parts of the Affen’s history can be traced back to the 13th century when the Bichon Frise was discovered by Spanish sailors and brought all over the world.
Fun Fact 2
Not all Affenchons are an exact 50/50 mix of the Affenpinscher and the Bichon, which means there are variances in size, color, and temperament.
Fun Fact 3
The word “affenpinscher” roughly means “monkey-like terrier.”
Fun Fact 3
Due to their ancestry as sailor’s dogs, these small pups love swimming which is not a common trait for tiny canines.
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