American Eskimo Breed Card

American Eskimo Breed Overview




9-19 inches tall

Breed Recognition



6-35 pounds

Country of Origin



Loyal, Versatile, Intelligent


13-15 years



American Eskimo History

Contrary to the name, the Indigenous people referred to as “Eskimos” had nothing to do with the development of this breed. Instead, German immigrants coming to America in the 1800s brought the Nordic breed called the German Spitz dog into the country to use as a farm dog.

These little white dogs were the ancestors of the American Eskimo. The intelligence and agility of these small dogs were enough to get them from the farm to the show dog stage by the late 19th century when they were used in circus acts as trained dogs.

By the time the United States entered World War I in 1917, widespread prejudice against the Germans caused the name to be changed to “American Eskimo” from its original name, the aforementioned German Spitz, in reaction to Germany’s efforts in the war.

Since then, it has been recognized by the American Kennel Club (1997), and various breed clubs have sprung up, like the American Eskimo Dog Club of America. It has become a wonderful family dog and a competitive show dog in the United States.

Cost ✅


Low End: $600

High End: $800

American Eskimo Physical Traits

General Appearance💡

The lion-like ruff, smiling face, and plumed tail are the hallmarks of the American Eskimo dog. This breed comes in three sizes – toy, miniature, and standard. Regardless of the size, this cute dog has an unusually bold and agile gait and intelligent facial expression.

The American Eskimo is a small to medium-sized Nordic dog with a compact build and well-balanced body. The head is small with triangular ears, slightly oval eyes, and striking black points on the nose, lips, and eye rims.

The body is strong, and the chest is deep. The belly is tucked-up behind the ribs, and the back is broad and muscular. The American Eskimo’s legs are well-angulated.

The American Eskimo has a double coat consisting of an undercoat and an outer coat. The undercoat is short and dense, while the outer coat is long and straight. Around the neck and chest, the coat is thicker and forms a lion-like ruff. The ruff is more apparent in males. As for color, the coat is white or white with a cream biscuit.

Size & Weight ❤️

Height: 9-19 inches
Weight: 6-35 pounds

Height: 9-19 inches
Weight: 6-35 pounds

Coat & Color

Eye Color


Coat Color

White, Biscuit cream

Coat Length


Coat Texture


American Eskimo Temperament and Personality

The American Eskimo loves being around its people or people in general. It will be hard to find a dog more friendly than this one. It is quick and agile both in mind and body and is always expressing an endearing smile with inviting eyes. They are bold and quick-witted, known for their love of games and human interaction.

These dogs are eager to please, so they are highly trainable and motivated by food, toys, and affection. However, when it comes to making new dog friends, this little canine can be a bit reserved.

Kid Friendly?


Bad Idea

Excellent Nanny

Yes, the American Eskimo is great for all family members, including kids.

This is a little dog with a high level of intelligence and tons of energy. They also have a temperament that makes them the perfect family dog for those looking for a companion.

Good with Other Pets?


Bad Idea

Friendly Socialite

Yes, the American Eskimo is good with other pets.

It can be reserved when meeting new animals for the first time, but this will quickly subside, and they are likely to be fast friends.

Barks a Lot?


When Neccessary

Noise Maker

The American Eskimo is a moderate barker.

These little dogs are not known for excessive barking, but they are quite easily excited. This tends to lead to barking or yipping. They have also been used as guard dogs, so they are known to be vocal when a disturbance is felt.

Can Be Left Alone?


Likes Being Alone

Sepration Anxiety

Yes, the American Eskimo can be left alone, but they are prone to separation anxiety.

This anxiety and their intelligence can lead to problem behavior. However, consistent training and confidence building can help mitigate the negative effects of separation anxiety and help them deal with alone time.

American Eskimo Training

Training the American Eskimo dog will be a breeze. This is a highly intelligent dog and eager to please its people. It is sensitive and can be discouraged easily, so training it with a soft touch and positive reinforcement will go a long way.

Basic obedience is necessary for this canine, as it is with all dogs. The American Eskimo does not generally require specific training beyond that unless you are looking to use them for a specific purpose. 

Since they are versatile and great for herding, hunting, watchdogging, and just being a friend, you can train them to do or be anything you want.

American Eskimo Needs

The American Eskimo needs enough exercise and mental stimulation on a daily basis to be happy. It needs a good support system of exercise, mental challenges, and quality time with its owners.

The American Eskimo is generally a healthy dog but is still prone to hip dysplasia. A good dog bed or an orthopedic dog bed will be a great addition to keep your dog’s joints healthier for longer.

Along with a good dog bed, high-quality dog food specific to their size, activity level, and age and joint supplements will go a long way to ensuring the health of your companion dog well into the later stages of their life.

Nutritional Requirements


Picky Eater

Voracious Eater

This little dog will need dog food formulated specifically for small and active dogs. They will also benefit greatly from mobility supplements to help keep the joints strong and operating as they should. Dog treats are also a great motivator for a job well done with these highly trainable dogs.

Exercise & Activity Levels


Couch Potato

Go-All-Day Stamina

The high energy and intellect of this dog mean it needs daily exercise and activity. Simply letting the dog into a fenced-in yard to entertain itself will likely not be enough, as these dogs crave the attention of their owners. The activity best suited for this breed is going to be highly interactive and energetic.

Grooming Needs


No Shedding

Shedding Machine

Grooming needs are surprisingly minimalistic for a dog with this kind of fur. Its dense double coat is easy to clean, despite its color. A thorough brushing a few times per week will be good enough, more often than not, but an occasional bath helps to keep the skin clean and prevent matting. Bathing more often, once every few months, can cause dry skin and irritation.

American Eskimo Average Lifespan

The life expectancy of the American Eskimo dog is 13-15 years. This is a generally healthy breed. However, as with any dog breed, certain health problems are possible.

Commom Health Problems

  • Hip Dysplasia: This is the degeneration of the hip socket and is common in most dogs of all sizes. Over time this will lead to limited mobility, muscle atrophy, and arthritis.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: This group of eye diseases can be caused by a myriad of things, including trauma, infection, and genetics. Eventually, this will lead to blindness.
  • Ear Infections: Bacteria and fungi can become trapped in the fur of the Eskie’s ears and begin to fester into an irritating and painful infection. Swelling and itching can cause the dog to flap its ears hard against its head and scratch vigorously, which can lead to further infections and hematomas.

Recommended Health Tests

  • Hip evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist evaluation
  • PRA Optigen DNA test

Tips for New American Eskimo Owners

Here are some useful tips for future American Eskimo owners:

Tip 1

Find a Reputable Breeder: A responsible breeder will have genetic tests done on their breeding stock to ensure they are a healthy bunch to minimize the risk of health issues in the future. They will also have documentation on the lineage of the dog and will begin obedience training before you pick up your new puppy.

Tip 2

Get Puppy/Dog Products in Advance: Buying everything you need for dog ownership ahead of time is going to make your new dog’s transition into your home easier and reduce much of the stress. This will also ensure you have everything you need when you need it, so you aren’t caught unprepared in any event.

Tip 3

Early Training: The Akita in this crossbreed may make training a challenge. Starting early is going to be your best option to avoid any problems in the future. This will also help you to bond with your dog and will strengthen the relationship you have with them, thus making them loyal to and protective of you while also making them listen to you when needed.

Tip 4

Constant Supervision: This hybrid dog may not be the most social, even with proper socialization. They may tolerate other dogs and people but not take to them, strict supervision is going to go a long way to keeping you and your dog happy and healthy.

American Eskimo Similar Breeds

– American spitz
– German spitz
– Pomeranian
– Keeshond
– Samoyed
– Alaskan Klee Kai

American Eskimo Supplies You Need

High-quality dog kibble will be necessary for the well-being of the American Eskimo dog breed. They are going to require food formulated for their life stage, size, and activity level. This is often best done by providing them with the same dog food the breeders fed them.

Dog toys and early socialization will also be necessary to keep them happy and healthy. The Eskie craves companionship and human interaction, so getting them around people early and often will make both your lives easier.

The American Eskimo is a quick and curious dog that requires a lot of exercise and mental challenges. A fenced-in yard and an assortment of toys will go a long way to maintaining their mental well-being and physical health.

Once they pass middle age, however, they tend to quickly slow down. At this point, a good dog bed will be their best bet at keeping their joints healthy.

Best Dog Beds for American Eskimos

Furhaven Chaise Orthopedic Pet Bed

Furhaven Chaise Orthopedic Pet Bed

$63.99 Get it on Amazon
PetFusion Orthopedic Dog Bed

PetFusion Orthopedic Dog Bed

$119.95 Get it on Amazon

Best Dog Food for American Eskimos

The Honest Kitchen Grain-Free Chicken Clusters for Puppies

The Honest Kitchen Grain-Free Chicken Clusters for Puppies

$89.99 Get 30% Off The Honest Kitchen
Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Natural Adult Dry Dog Food

Blue Buffalo Life Protection Dry Dog Food

$60.98 Get it on Amazon

Best Dog Supplements for American Eskimos

Honest Paws Mobility CBD Soft Chewa

Honest Paws Mobility Soft Chews

$39.95 Get it on Honest Paws
PetEyez Vitamin Treats

PetEyez Vitamin Dog Treats

$18.99 Get it on Pet Products Online

American Eskimo Fun Facts

If you are interested in the breed, take a look at these fun facts about the American Eskimo:

Fun Fact 1

The most famous American Eskimo dog was a Barnum & Bailey Circus performer dog that was trained to walk a tightrope.

Fun Fact 2

The breed was originally called the German Spitz, but this was changed during World War I due to Germany’s actions in the war.

Fun Fact 3

Despite their small size, they were used as herding dogs and as watchdogs.

Fun Fact 4

The American Eskimo comes in three sizes, from 9 pounds to 35 pounds.

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