Pet parents are becoming increasingly aware of the health benefits of CBD oil for dogs. But what are the risks of giving your dog CBD oil?
You may be wondering, will CBD oil kill my dog? Can a dog overdose on CBD oil? It is a morbid topic, but we know that many pet owners wonder if CBD oil can harm their dogs.
In this article, we will explain why you can put these concerns aside and tell you how to find the best CBD oil for your dog.
Can a Dog Overdose on CBD Oil?
CBD hemp oil for dogs will not kill your pet, and the side effects of CBD oil in dogs are minimal. When it comes to CBD for dogs and CBD for cats, pet owners should only buy hemp-derived CBD products.
Studies show that dogs cannot overdose on hemp-derived CBD oil. In fact, initial toxicity studies suggest that CBD (cannabidiol) has a “favorable safety margin when administered orally.”
As proof of the CBD’s safety and benefits, FDA has “approved Epidiolex, which contains a purified form of the drug substance CBD for the treatment of seizures” in human patients with specific forms of epilepsy.
But what is CBD? CBD stands for cannabidiol, one of the many cannabinoids found in the hemp plant variety of the Cannabis plant. When it comes to CBD for dogs and CBD for cats, pet owners should only buy hemp-derived CBD products.
The hemp-derived CBD extract contains trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive plant compound that society associates with getting high. To avoid THC toxicity in your pet, choose hemp-derived CBD (with less than 0.3% THC) and prevent any exposure to marijuana.
Dog Overdose Versus Toxicity, What’s the Difference?
An overdose occurs when a dog is given more than the recommended amount of some otherwise safe and beneficial medication, supplement, or natural substance, and the pet’s metabolism cannot detoxify the substance fast enough, causing unintended side effects.
Pet poisoning or toxicity is different from an overdose. Toxicity occurs when a dog ingests things that have no benefit in any dose but hold toxic potential. This poison could be a human medication, a plant in your home, marijuana products, wild mushrooms, or more.
In simpler terms, pet overdosing happens when a safe substance is given in excess, while toxicity happens due to unsafe substances even if given in minimal doses.
Can I Give My Dog too Much CBD Oil?
A study that investigated the safety of CBD on healthy pets concluded that “hemp-based CBD appears to be relatively safe in healthy populations of dogs and cats.”
The researchers found a lack of blood (serum) chemistry alterations, showing that toxicity is low in CBD products. They labeled cannabidiol as “non-psychotropic” and “highly tolerable” for cats and dogs.
A warning came with this study, relating to unwell pets or pets receiving medications for their ailment (because of the danger of elevated liver enzymes with exposure to CBD).
Can CBD Kill a Dog?
Hemp CBD oil will not kill a dog. In theory, since pet CBD products are allowed to contain less than 0.3% of THC and THC is toxic, consuming a significant amount of pet CBD oil can result in toxicity.
However, this is highly improbable in practice as it would take your dog eating an enormous amount of CBD.
However, human CBD products and marijuana edibles like brownies, chocolates can easily cause THC toxicity in dogs. The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center receives frequent calls about THC exposure in companion animals.
THC toxicity (marijuana) symptoms in dogs include vomiting, ataxia, slow heart rate, urinary incontinence, anxiety and hyperesthesia, dilated pupils, and extreme lethargy.
Dogs with THC toxicity need to be promptly and adequately treated by a veterinarian. More often than not, the vet will recommend hospitalization.
What Happens When a Dog Takes too Much CBD Oil?
Giving your dog too much CBD oil can be the result of a miscalculated CBD dosage. It can also happen if your dog found a way to reach its favorite CBD peanut butter and cleaned out the jar or if your dog ate a whole bag of CBD dog treats.
In these cases, chances are your dog will sleep the CBD effects off and be fine within a few hours. Give your pet some water and allow it to rest. Also, do not be alarmed if it displays some harmless symptoms.
Side Effects of CBD Oil in Dogs
Sensitive dogs may show some of the following reactions when they are given CBD for the first time.
Pet parents should provide their dogs with fresh, clean water daily. This is important whether you’re giving your pet CBD or not. It’s good practice to provide water inside and outside the home.
While a relaxed demeanor may be the desired reaction, a pet who seems excessively sleepy may be sensitive to their CBD product or another ingredient in the oil.
Loose stools are a common reaction to new supplements or natural products. Carrier oils in CBD hemp oils can also cause loose stool, so trying a different product with another carrier oil may be a solution.
Lowered Blood Pressure
A temporary reduction in blood pressure and can cause your pup to feel nauseous, sleepy, and dizzy. Let them rest until it subsides.
Signs You Have Given Your Dog too Much CBD Oil
CBD works by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is built from endocannabinoids and endocannabinoid receptors. CBD binds with these cannabinoid receptors, thus modulating the ECS.
In case of giving too much CBD oil, the cannabinoid receptors will quickly saturate with CBD. Then, the excess CBD amount will be simply flushed out from the body.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, high amounts of CBD can top-out only in relatively benign side effects like extreme drowsiness, lethargy, stomach upset, and diarrhea.
What You Need to Know about Treating Dog CBD Overdoses
Considering the benign nature of these side effects, more often than not, there is no need for treatment. As mentioned, just make sure your dog has access to drinking water and let it sleep off the effects.
On the other hand, if dealing with THC toxicity, seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. The faster you react, the better the outcome for your pet.
How to Choose the Right CBD Oil for Your Dog
We’ve created a check list of all the essential must-haves when shopping for the best CBD oil for dogs.
Full-spectrum CBD. This form has more potent benefits than CBD isolate and broad-spectrum oil.
Hemp-Derived. CBD oil will only be safe for your dog or cat if it comes from the hemp plant and contains less than 0.3% THC.
Hemp CBD oil. The hemp oil should be extracted from the whole hemp plant and not just the seeds (hemp seed oil does not contain cannabinoids).
Organic. Non-GMO, natural, organic hemp farming practices are ideal for a high-quality CBD product.
CO2 extraction. This extraction method ensures a pure CBD oil free from questionable chemicals while retaining all health-boosting cannabinoids.
Certificate of Analysis. A Certificate of Analysis (provided by a third-party lab) will display the oil contents, proving its purity and exclusion (or low percentage) of THC.
How to Figure Out the Proper CBD Dosage for Your Dog
A pet owner can expect a period of trial and error when they’re trying to find the correct CBD dosage for dogs.
There is no straightforward answer to the question of dosage, as CBD is unique for every animal. A general guideline is to fall within the range of 1-5 mg of CBD per 10 lbs of body weight. However, it is advised to start with fewer CBD milligrams per pound and gradually work your way up.
Companies will usually provide a recommended dosage chart with their product. To find the proper dosage, you can check our CBD Oil for dogs dose calculator.
Our Final Thoughts: Can a Dog Overdose on CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol is an incredible supplement that offers pets and their parents a holistic option. It cannot kill your dog, and an overdose is highly improbable. Basically, CBD is a low-risk product with the minor possibility of temporary symptoms.