If your canine friend has just given birth to a litter of puppies, then you might be looking to either sell a puppy or two to other dog lovers or get them adopted. However, most pet parents would be looking to adopt a dog that has come from a healthy dam and sire (mother and father).
But how do you determine the proper parentage of your canine friend’s offspring? Well, the best way to do so would be to perform a DNA test to produce proof of parentage to your customers. How exactly does a dog parentage test work, and what is the best dog DNA paternity test out there? These are some of the questions we will be exploring today!
Why Establish Dog Paternity with a DNA Test?
There are several reasons why it is a good idea to get the offspring of your canine friend tested for genetic markers and proof of parentage. Let’s take a look at some of the benefits you might get by performing a dog parentage test for your puppy
Get The Offspring DNA Certified
A dog DNA paternity test is beneficial for animal breeders to determine the proper parentage of their canine friends’ offspring. Breeders can get their puppies DNA certified to assure the customer that their puppy has come from a healthy dam and sire. If the animal breeder is reasonably sure that the litter of puppies has come from multiple sires, they will be able to send the DNA samples of all the possible sires to determine the parents of the offspring.
Determine The Puppy’s Biological Father
For the customer looking to adopt or purchase a dog, a dog parentage test would allow you to eliminate the doubt that your puppy has come from multiple sires. Sometimes, a sire may be falsely declared as the biological father of the offspring by the animal breeder – especially if the biological father has some genetic issues and defects. In such cases, testing can determine proper parentage and establish the dog’s biological father.
Ensure The Puppy’s Health
The dog DNA parentage testing can also include polymerase chain reaction to ensure that your puppy is safe and healthy. What exactly is a polymerase chain reaction? Well, this is a DNA test conducted to understand whether the biological father of your puppy has passed down any infectious viruses or bacteria to your dog.
Find Out Genetic Markers
Performing a dog DNA test can also determine allele sizes as well as genetic markers – which will in turn help you find out all of the personality and genetic traits of the breed that you are purchasing. Getting your dog DNA tested will help you determine whether your dog is prone to certain genetic disorders or not.
Find Out Your Dog’s Relatives
Parentage testing can be done to find out which other dogs your canine companion is closely related to. This can help you understand your dog much better.
Dig Out Possible Genetic Diseases
Understanding the DNA marker of your dog can help you determine genetic disorders that may be closely related to your dog’s breed. This kind of analysis will ultimately help you keep your canine companions safe and healthy in the long run!
The Science Behind the Dog Paternity Test
Dog parentage testing is pretty much the same as a DNA test that you would perform to determine your dog’s genetic markers. Cheek swabs of the puppy, as well as the dam and sire, are taken as DNA samples, and then the testing is done to determine the potential sire of your dog. This is extremely useful when a sire has been falsely confirmed as the biological father of the litter of puppies.
Your dog parentage test results tell you whether the parentage of your puppy either “qualifies” or the parentage does not qualify. If the parentage qualifies, you can be sure that the DNA samples you have sent in actually belong to the mother and father of your puppy. If, on the other hand, the parentage does not qualify, then that means that the DNA samples of the dogs that you have sent in do not belong to the parents of your dog.
Your parentage testing service might convey this by using the word “excluded.” Do not be confused. Both “not qualified” and “excluded” essentially mean the same thing!
However, you might be wondering why it is necessary to get the DNA sample of the mother as well for a dog paternity test? The mother’s DNA makes testing a lot more accurate and will help produce an accurate DNA profile of your dog.
If the mother’s sample is not available, or the sample is not used in the parentage testing, you can opt for the available extended testing to determine your dog’s father.
How to Test a Dog’s Paternity
Testing a dog’s paternity begins with a cheek swab to collect your dog’s sample of DNA. Once you have performed the cheek swabs and have the DNA sample collection of your puppy and the possible parents, you will send the collection to the laboratory for testing. Remember, you need to perform the cheek swabs for at least 30 seconds for every dog.
Once you have sent in the DNA sample collection, you will go on to the company’s website and activate your test kit. After activating the test kit, all you need to do is wait for your test results to arrive! While some companies promise to send the test results within 21 business days, you might get it earlier as well. Reputed parentage testing companies such as Embark and Wisdom Panel might send the test results to you in around 14 business days as well.
The parentage testing company will perform a DNA test in the laboratory to determine your dog’s parentage. At the laboratory, the DNA samples of your puppy and the parent will be run against a 16 DNA marker panel. This 16 DNA marker panel is highly accurate and will help you determine the correct parentage of your dog.
Once your dog’s test results are ready, your chosen company will contact you to let you know that your dog’s test results are ready! You will be able to download the parentage report from the website and determine your dog’s biological mother and father. Of course, you will be able to contact the company if you have any queries after receiving your report.
How Accurate are the Results of DNA Paternity Tests?
The accuracy of the test results depends upon the dog parentage testing company that you choose. In the upcoming sections, we will examine some of the best dog DNA tests that produce accurate test results and parentage report.
Getting the mother’s sample while performing a dog parentage test is also essential to increase the accuracy of your dog’s DNA profile and your dog’s parentage test results. If the mother’s sample is not used or the DNA sample of the mother is not available, extended testing can be performed to increase the accuracy of the parentage report.
Dog DNA Kits that Test Your Dog’s Ancestry
The Embark dog DNA test is one of the most popular tests for finding out your dog’s genetic markers as well as parentage. This test uses cheek swabs to collect the DNA sample, which is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
The Embark dog DNA test includes a Canine Relative Finder – which will help you determine your dog’s ancestry and relatives. Of course, the canine relative finder will also help you determine your dog’s parentage, and you will be able to find out the biological dam and sire of your dog. You can use this test to eliminate the possibility of multiple sires as well.
The Wisdom Panel dog DNA test is yet another popular test that you can use to determine your dog’s parentage. Again, you are required to collect the DNA sample of your dog with the help of cheek swabs and then send the sample in for lab analysis. This DNA test provides you with proof of parentage with the help of a multi-generational family tree, which can help you trace your pup’s ancestry all the way back to the great grandparents.
With the Wisdom Panel DNA test, you will get your results within three weeks. Customer reviews on Amazon are highly favorable towards this dog parentage test. You can either choose the Wisdom Panel Essential collection kit or the Premium collection kit as they both include an examination of parentage and ancestry.
Since this is one of the most reputed DNA tests out there with reliable customer reviews, the Wisdom Panel dog test comes highly recommended for both breeders and pet parents!
The DNA My Dog breed identification test helps you determine the breeds that make up your dog. The DNA My Dog Breed ID test kit helps you discover your dog’s various unique personality traits, whether there are any genetic health concerns that you need to be worried about, predispositions to disease, and much more! Of course, you will also be able to determine the biological dam and sire of your dog and establish your dog’s proper parentage.
Orivet offers a special test to perform a dam/sire verification for your dog. This test is also known as a Unique Identity Profile, a DNA Fingerprint, or a DNA Profile. Please note that the Orivet DNA Profile is not a breed identification test and will only help you determine your dog’s parentage. This test will also help you determine dual sire parentage as well as multiple sire parentage.
The DNA Profile by Orivet also helps you confirm any mating that occurs while also providing an external stud service. You can also ensure that correct insemination has taken place while mating. Much like the other DNA tests on our list, you will be able to use cheek swabs to collect the DNA samples of your dogs with the Orivet DNA Profile.
So, are you ready to perform a dog parentage test for your litter of puppies? Which dog parentage testing service are you thinking of choosing today? Let us know in the comments below!
Are Dog DNA Tests Accurate?
Whether dog DNA tests are accurate or not depends upon the company that you choose. Some of the most accurate dog parentage testing companies include Embark DNA test, Wisdom Panel DNA test, DNA My Dog breed ID test kit, and Orivet dog DNA test. All of these tests are excellent for determining the DNA markers and proper parentage of our dog.
Can You Do A DNA Test With Just The Father?
Yes, if the mother’s sample is not available for testing, then it is possible to do a dog parentage test with just the father’s sample. In such cases, most dog parentage testing companies offer extended testing to increase the accuracy of your DNA test results.
At What Age Can You Do A DNA Test On A Dog?
It is perfectly safe to get your dog DNA tested at any age. However, some companies, such as the Wisdom Panel testing service, recommend that you wait until the puppy has been weaned before you get him/her tested.
Is There A Paternity Test For Dogs?
Yes, there is a paternity test for dogs. Some of the best dog paternity tests include Embark DNA test, Wisdom Panel DNA test, DNA My Dog, and the Orivet dog DNA test.