What causes a dog runny nose? If you’ve got a pooch with a runny nose then you’re probably wondering if you need to take them to the vet. More often than not, a mild runny nose in dogs is not a dire reason to rush Fido to the emergency hospital. Nevertheless, there are a few cases where nasal discharge in dogs can be quite a big problem.
Dog Runny Nose: What is Nasal Discharge in Dogs?
A dog runny nose aka nasal discharge is quite a familiar occurrence pet owners may experience.
Although our dogs have a better nose than us, the mechanism to how the nasal system works is pretty much the same. The nasal cavity of a dog contains hundreds of thousands of cells which are responsible for producing mucus. When the nasal cavity of the animal is damaged in any way then filtration of foreign particles will be impeded; as a result, mucus will begin to accumulate, and this is what leads to a dog runny nose.
When a foreign agent enters the body of a dog, then they will begin to cause inflammation in the infected space. As a result, we commonly see rhinitis (inflammation of the membranes in the nose) and sinusitis (inflammation of the sinus) in dogs with a runny nose
Regardless of who the causative agent is, a dog runny nose will always have very similar pathophysiology.
Honest Paws CBD Oil for Dogs: A Great Way to Prevent a Dog Runny Nose Caused by Allergies!
Since environmental allergies can be a common cause of nasal discharge in dogs, pet owners can take easy steps to prevent this from occurring.
Cbd oil has proven to have a multitude of benefits which include:
- Alleviating allergies in dogs
- Easing inflammation and pain
- Relieving an upset stomach in dogs, and even
- Treating seizures and epilepsies in dogs
Although CBD oil is not a cure-all, pet owners have been using it to help alleviate allergies in dogs. So, with more and more pet owners using preventative care, we will see fewer and fewer episodes of nasal discharge in dogs.
So, who makes the best CBD oil for dogs? And how do you get it? Well, look no further.
Honest Paws is a pet company who has devoted tons of hours and research into creating the best cannabis oil for pets. All Honest Paws CBD oil is free from THC, and they all contain 100% pure CBD oil. This means that Honest Paws guarantees that all their products are all-natural, lab tested for efficacy, non-GMO, and free from soy.
So, What are Some Causes to A Runny Nose in Dogs?
A lot of things can cause nasal discharge in dogs. Bacteria, viral infections, trauma, and even neoplasia are just a few examples of causative agents responsible for creating a dog runny nose.
In addition, another common cause of nasal discharge is allergies in dogs. Often dogs with environmental allergies—take allergy to pollen as an example—will develop allergic rhinitis or sinusitis.
Some other causes of nasal discharge in dogs include:
- Trauma to the nose
- Trauma to the mouth
- Fast eating
- Fungal infections that disseminate into the nose
- Tooth abscess
- Environmental allergies (pollen, grass, smoke, and even fragrances produced by humans)
Flu in Fiddo: Do Dogs Get Colds just like Humans?
Just like in humans, our dogs can experience a runny nose. Nasal discharge in dogs is a common occurrence, however, unlike humans, it can often be a manifestation of an underlying disease.
Although our dogs may not catch the flu from us, they can instead get another form of the common cold. Kennel cough in dogs is an upper respiratory infection that occurs due to the presence of invasive bacteria and viruses.
There are many infectious responsible for causes kennel cough in dogs, some of these include the Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria, the canine adenovirus type 2 strain, canine parainfluenza virus, and the canine coronavirus.
A dog infected with any of these agents may show clinical signs such as coughing, dog runny nose, watery eyes, and consistent sneezing. Although the disease does not have a high mortality rate, veterinarians will still treat the disease should it be present.
Aaaachuu! Why is My Dog Sneezing a lot?
If your dog has a runny nose, then you’ll probably notice them sneezing a lot too!
Sneezing is a passive, involuntary procedure where the air is expelled from the mouth, nose, and lungs. Mild direct irritation to the eyes and nose are often a cause of sneezing; however, sneezing is also a way for the body to clear out the upper respiratory tract.
So a dog who is sneezing a lot and has a runny nose merely is trying to clear their airways of the mucus buildup.
Is Maxwell Sneezing After Eating? Here’s What it Could Mean!
Does Maxwell eat too fast? Does he sneeze a lot after eating his kibble?
Remember we mentioned that dog sneezing is merely a passive, involuntary response for the body to clear away the irritants.
Well, more often than not, when a dog sneezes after eating food, this is referred to as backward sneezing.
So, what is backward sneezing? And should I be worried?
While there are many causes of reverse sneezing in dogs, veterinarians do believe that one common cause occurs when a dog inhales food accidentally or while eating fast the food may enter the trachea instead of the esophagus. So, reverse sneezing is a mechanism where, instead of inhaling, a dog will forcefully exhale to clear its respiratory pathway.
Reverse sneezing in dogs is a fairly common occurrence, More often than note, the entire process may last less than a minute, and so it should be of no concern to pet owners. However, if the reverse sneezing persists for a few minutes, and if it followed with a severe nasal discharge then it may be time to call your vet.
If your Dog has a Runny Nose, Should You be Worried?
Clear nasal discharge is often not concern about a medical condition. Dogs who develop a very acute severe runny nose are likely just experiencing allergies or mild irritation in their nose.
So, does nasal discharge ever get severe? Yes
If you ever notice the following symptoms with your dog’s runny nose, then it’s time to see the veterinarian.
- Hemorrhagic nasal discharge (bloody nose)
- Chronic nasal discharge and persistent sneezing
- Foreign bodies visibly present in the nose or mouth
- Purulent discharge ( Discharge that looks like yellow or brown puss)
Treating a Dog with a Runny Nose
Treating a dog runny nose can be pretty straightforward if the causative agent is known.
If your dog has developed a runny nose as a result of a bacterial infection, then your veterinarian will place them on antibiotics. Some common antibiotics your veterinarian may choose to include Baytril and Clavamox for dogs. When the dog completes the full course of antibiotics, then they can often recover quite quickly.
If your dog has developed a runny nose as a result of a viral infection, then there isn’t much a veterinarian can do. Some common viral infections that cause a runny nose include the parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, and distemper. For a dog to recover from a viral infection, veterinarians will need to treat the symptoms directly, rather than treat for the virus.
For example, in severe cases like distemper in dogs, your veterinarian will include IV fluids and supportive care to help control the symptoms. In addition, most viral diseases are highly contagious, so chances are your vet will also isolate your pet in a contained environment.
Fungal infections are a common cause of nasal discharge in dogs too! A common fungus a dog may succumb to is aspergillosis. These opportunistic fungi are found everywhere in the environment, and when an opportunity presents itself, these fungi can invade the nasal cavity of a dog. Fungal infections in dogs will cause not only severe nasal discharge but also decreases appetite, swelling around the nose, and severe pain.
Treating a fungal infection in dogs will often involve the use of NSAIDs, painkillers, and anti-fungal medications such as Itraconazole and Ketoconazole.
Benadryl for Dog Allergies
In human medicine, Benadryl is the number one choice when it comes to alleviating allergies. But, did you know that you can also use Benadryl for dogs!
Baby Benadryl can also be administered to dogs who have developed mild allergic reactions to enviromental allergens. For example, dogs may develop allergies to pollen, grass seeds, insect bites, and more!
In any of these cases, Baby Benadryl can be used to calm that dog runny nose!
So, Is it Normal for a Dog to have a Runny Nose?
A dog runny nose can be a regular occurrence. It is often not a cause of concern and it usually self resolves. A dog runny nose only becomes a concern when there are other, more dire symptoms associated with nasal discharge.