The Miniature Schnauzer may be small in size, but this dog breed packs a lot of intelligence, affection, heart, and personality into one tiny package.

For years, the Miniature Schnauzer has been one of the 20 most popular dog breeds in the United States, and it is easy to see why this popular canine companion makes for a great family pet.

Appearance and Personality

The Miniature Schnauzer is in the Terrier group of dogs.

Most people know these dogs for their short stature and long “beard” and bushy eyebrows.

Miniature Schnauzers used to come in every color, but now these small dogs are almost only found in black and white, or in mixtures of black and white.

Today, the Miniature Schnauzer’s coat comes in three basic color patterns: salt and pepper, black and silver, and solid black.

These dogs typically are around 12 to 14 inches tall and can weigh between 11 and 20 pounds. They are known for being vital, energetic dogs.

Their ears are often cropped by breeders or for those who are entering their dogs in competitions, but many Miniature Schnauzer pets have longer ears, instead of erect, pointed ears.

Life Span

The Miniature Schnauzer has a very long lifespan compared to many other dog breeds and can typically live between 12-14 years.


These dogs are extremely smart, which means they can be easy to train, but also quite stubborn. This dog needs regular exercise and requires a lot of attention.

It is typically very extroverted, known for being a “people person,” and likes to be included in family activities.

Standard Schnauzer vs. Miniature Schnauzer vs. Giant Schnauzer

There are three main types of schnauzers: the Standard Schnauzer, the Miniature Schnauzer, and the Giant Schnauzer.

The Standard Schnauzer is typically around 19 to 20 inches in height and weighs between 40 and 45 pounds.

They also have a similar life expectancy to the Miniature Schnauzer.

To learn more about the breed as a whole, check out our Standard Schnauzer article here!

The Giant Schnauzer has a life expectancy of 10-12 years, is typically 26-28 inches high and can weigh between 65 and 90 pounds.

The Miniature Schnauzer is typically easier to train and more adaptable to new surroundings than the other two types of schnauzers, and easier for first-time pet owners. However, they all make great family pets.

Grooming 101

Many people love the Miniature Schnauzer for its beautiful coat and trademark facial hair. However, in order to keep these dogs looking their best, there are a few tips on grooming every pet owner should know.

  • Although the breed doesn’t shed a great deal, he still needs a lot of grooming attention. His coat should be clipped every 5-8 weeks.
  • It also needs to be brushed daily due to its thick undercoat.
  • These dogs have strong, fast-growing nails that should be trimmed regularly to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking.
  • Their ears need to be checked regularly to avoid wax building and debris as they may be prone to infection.
  • Get to brushin’. This breed’s teeth should be brushed regularly.

Health Problems

The Miniature Schnauzer is a relatively healthy breed of dog.

However, like all dogs, they may be prone to certain health issues, such as eye problems. Due to the way that the eyes are set, they may be at risk for Progressive Retinal Atrophy which is a family of different eye diseases.

They may also be at risk for cataracts and Entropion, which causes the eyelid to roll inward.

Urinary stones also can be found in this breed sometimes. You will notice these if your dog struggles to urinate, passes blood in their urine or if they have foul-smelling urine.

It’s always wise to keep a lookout for symptoms of the Von Willebrand disease (inability to clot blood correctly), which is prone to dogs like Miniature and Standard Schnauzers.

Nosebleeds, blood in bowel movements, excessive bleeding during brushing their teeth, and others like this, are all symptoms of the Von Willebrand disease and should be immediately looked at by a vet.

A good breeder will do a genetic test of their breeding stock to lessen the chances of disease in any puppies and let you know any genetic or hereditary problems to look for.

5 Facts You Didn’t Know About This Dog Breed

Looking to learn more about the Miniature Schnauzer?

Here are some fast facts about this breed that may help you fall even more in love.

  1. The Miniature Schnauzer is currently the 17th most popular dog breed in the US.
  2. These dogs are known for being good with children.
  3. The Miniature Schnauzer was created to be a farm dog and ratter, which is why they like to chase small animals.
  4. Although they are small, do not mistake Miniature Schnauzers with toy breeds. They aren’t delicate. They like to run, play, wrestle and need exercise.
  5. The Miniature Schnauzer was once a mix between the poodle and the Affenpinscher. It officially because of its own breed in 1899.

Miniature Schnauzer Puppies!

For Miniature Schnauzer lovers, nothing is as cute as a little Miniature Schnauzer puppy.

These puppies are typically ready for their forever homes by 16 weeks and will typically need to stay with their mothers until then.

While these puppies may be small from birth to adulthood, you can expect them to grow quite fast!


If you are looking to buy a Miniature Schnauzer, you can expect to pay between $500 and $2,700 from a typical breeder.

This, of course, all depends on the location of the breeder and the pedigree of the parents.

When looking for a breeder, make sure to look for a responsible and reputable breeder in your area, and remember, you usually can’t tell if a puppy is going to have temperament or health issues until they grow up.

There are also many animal shelters and rescues that have older, adult Miniature Schnauzers available, which allows you to know more about the dog that you are taking in.

5 Tips to Owning A Miniature Schnauzer Dog

Now that you know some of the most important details about this popular dog breed, including where to find your new Miniature Schnauzer, here are some tips on owning one.

TIP #1 – Always keep your pup on a leash or in a fenced-in area. Although these dogs are relatively obedient, they will chase after squirrels, birds, bikes or anything else that excites them.

TIP#2 – Be prepared for some noise. If you don’t like barking, it is important to note that Minatare Schnauzers are notoriously vocal. They will bark at small noises to try to protect their family.

TIP#3 – Supervise your dog when he is outside, even in a fenced-in yard. This breed is known for their love of digging.

TIP#4 – The Miniature Schnauzer loves food, but he can become obese if he isn’t fed the right diet and exercised enough.

TIP#5 – Since the breed loves to chase, he shouldn’t be around smaller mammals like small cats, rabbits or pet ferrets. They can be great companions to other dogs.

Small Dog, Big Personality

The phrase “big things come in small packages” is the perfect saying to describe the Miniature Schnauzer.

While the breed may be small in size, this dog has a big personality.

Known for being loving, affectionate, yet still a little bossy and stubborn, you should be willing to give your Miniature Schnauzer the love and attention he requires.