pet ownership statistics

Pet Ownership Statistics

  U.S. households most frequently own dogs, followed by cats and freshwater fish.  
Pet Households
Bird 5.7
Cat 42.7
Dog 63.4
Horse 1.6
Freshwater fish 11.5
Saltwater fish 1.6
Reptile 4.5
Small animal 5.4
(Insurance Information Institute, Inc.)

  Over 50% of U.S. households is estimated to own a dog (63.4 million): 63.4 million U.S. households own a dog (2019-2020 survey). 60.2 million (2017-2018) 54.4 million (2015-2016) 56.7 million (2013-2014) 46.3 million (2011-2012) (Insurance Information Institute, Inc.) (American Pet Products Association)

  An estimated 89.7 million dogs are owned in the U.S.: 89.7 million dogs are owned in the U.S. (2017-2018 survey) 77.8 million (2015-2016) 83.3 million (2013-2014) 78.2 million (2011-2012) (Insurance Information Institute, Inc.)

   Number of pets in U.S.:
Pet Number
Freshwater fish 139.3
Cat 94.2
Dog 89.7
Bird 20.3
Saltwater fish 18.8
Small animal 14
Reptile 9.4
Horse 7.6
(Insurance Information Institute, Inc.)

  Dog ownership by state:  
Number of Households (1,000s) Percent of Households Who Owned Dogs Number of Dog-Owning Households (1,000s) Average Number of Dogs per Household Dog Population (1,000s)
United States 125,819 38.40% 48,255 1.6 76,811
New England 5967 0.274 1632 1.4 2278
Connecticut 1430 0.24 344 1.4 466
Maine 606 0.359 218 1.5 324
Massachusetts 2714 0.289 783 1.4 1096
New Hampshire 502 0.237 119 1.4 165
Rhode Island 450 0.258 116 1.4 167
Vermont 265 0.283 75 1.3 96
Middle Atlantic 16379 0.309 5067 1.4 6885
New Jersey 3414 0.291 992 1.3 1253
New York 7849 0.27 2116 1.4 2858
Pennsylvania 5116 0.389 1990 1.4 2827
East North Central 18950 0.378 7159 1.6 11189
Illinois 5138 0.31 1590 1.4 2230
Indiana 2670 0.494 1319 1.6 2142
Michigan 4071 0.419 1705 1.6 2763
Ohio 4682 0.379 1773 1.7 2973
Wisconsin 2389 0.336 802 1.4 1141
West North Central 8505 0.405 3448 1.6 5495
Iowa 1298 0.363 472 1.8 834
Kansas 1136 0.431 490 1.6 770
Minnesota 2234 0.355 793 1.4 1102
Missouri 2417 0.451 1090 1.6 1798
Nebraska 736 0.471 347 1.8 634
North Dakota 328 0.443 145 1.5 213
South Dakota 356 0.321 114 1.3 149
South Atlantic 25325 0.387 9805 1.6 15741
Delaware 399 0.422 168 1.8 310
District of Columbia 321 0.225 72 1 72
Florida 8260 0.398 3285 1.5 5073
Georgia 3999 0.367 1466 1.8 2573
Maryland 2261 0.302 683 1.4 963
North Carolina 4022 0.413 1663 1.6 2742
South Carolina 2002 0.453 907 1.6 1423
Virginia 3306 0.356 1178 1.7 1946
West Virginia 755 0.496 374 1.7 637
East South Central 7747 0.474 3669 1.9 2133
Alabama 1984 0.469 931 1.9 513
Kentucky 1874 0.465 842 1.9 545
Mississippi 1153 0.51 588 2.1 276
Tennessee 2736 0.47 1286 1.7 799
West South Central 14750 0.439 6479 1.7 11193
Arkansas 1211 0.516 625 1.8 1103
Louisiana 1847 0.383 707 1.6 1100
Oklahoma 1587 0.477 757 1.8 1397
Texas 10105 0.434 4383 1.7 7570
Mountain 9100 0.43 3916 1.7 2914
Arizona 2624 0.43 1129 1.8 907
Colorado 2221 0.472 1048 1.6 671
Idaho 648 0.583 378 1.7 173
Montana 435 0.519 226 2.1 112
Nevada 1122 0.368 412 1.6 428
New Mexico 796 0.394 314 2 193
Utah 1014 0.362 367 1.6 365
Wyoming 240 0.36 86 1.7 65
Pacific 18361 0.399 7329 1.6 11403
California 13911 0.401 5576 1.6 8690
Oregon 1606 0.378 608 1.6 997
Washington 2844 0.428 1217 1.5 1846
(American Veterinary Medical Association)

  Cat ownership by state:  
Number of Households (1,000s) Percent of Households Who Owned Cats Number of Cat-Owning Households (1,000s) Average Number of Cats per Household Cat Population (1,000s)
United States 125,819 25.40% 31,896 1.8 58,385
New England 5,967 26.90% 1,603 1.7 2,713
Connecticut 1,430 26.70% 382 1.9 739
Maine 606 43.60% 264 1.9 500
Massachusetts 2,714 23.50% 638 1.6 1,012
New Hampshire 502 36.40% 183 1.5 266
Rhode Island 450 16.70% 75 2 151
Vermont 265 44.60% 118 1.3 150
Middle Atlantic 16,379 22.90% 3,756 1.8 6,857
New Jersey 3,414 18.90% 647 1.6 1,009
New York 7,849 21.10% 1,658 1.7 2,841
Pennsylvania 5,116 28.90% 1,476 2.1 3,084
East North Central 18,950 29.30% 5,559 1.8 6,148
Illinois 5,138 21.00% 1,081 1.7 1,666
Indiana 2,670 37.50% 1,000 1.9 856
Michigan 4,071 31.20% 1,271 1.7 1,235
Ohio 4,682 30.70% 1,438 1.9 1,590
Wisconsin 2,389 32.40% 774 1.9 801
West North Central 8,505 29.50% 2,505 2 4,939
Iowa 1,298 35.60% 462 2 912
Kansas 1,136 32.40% 368 2.1 785
Minnesota 2,234 26.50% 563 1.9 1,108
Missouri 2,417 28.60% 692 1.9 1,319
Nebraska 736 30.90% 227 2.3 520
North Dakota 328 24.80% 81 2.8 230
South Dakota 356 26.60% 95 1.4 133
South Atlantic 25,325 23.80% 6,033 1.8 11,079
Delaware 399 24.10% 96 1.8 169
District of Columbia 321 16.40% 53 1 53
Florida 8,260 24.20% 2,002 1.8 3,584
Georgia 3,999 20.40% 814 2.1 1,710
Maryland 2,261 18.60% 421 1.7 703
North Carolina 4,022 26.50% 1,064 1.8 1,916
South Carolina 2,002 25.20% 504 1.6 809
Virginia 3,306 23.90% 790 1.9 1,491
West Virginia 755 37.70% 284 2.1 595
East South Central 7,747 29.90% 2,315 1.9 4,435
Alabama 1,984 26.10% 518 1.7 859
Kentucky 1,874 32.20% 604 1.8 1,065
Mississippi 1,153 29.10% 336 2 661
Tennessee 2,736 30.90% 845 2.2 1,819
West South Central 14,750 22.30% 3,294 1.9 6,343
Arkansas 1,211 34.80% 421 2.1 876
Louisiana 1,847 19.00% 352 1.7 590
Oklahoma 1,587 28.40% 450 1.8 795
Texas 10,105 20.50% 2,071 2 4,066
Mountain 9,100 26.10% 2,373 1.8 2,914
Arizona 2,624 26.40% 692 2 907
Colorado 2,221 27.10% 602 1.6 671
Idaho 648 33.30% 216 2 173
Montana 435 22.80% 99 1.8 112
Nevada 1,122 23.10% 259 1.7 428
New Mexico 796 25.20% 200 1.8 193
Utah 1,014 24.70% 251 1.9 365
Wyoming 240 30.00% 72 1.8 65
Pacific 18,361 24.30% 4,464 1.7 7,758
California 13,911 22.90% 3,190 1.7 5,571
Oregon 1,606 30.00% 481 1.6 790
Washington 2,844 30.50% 867 1.8 1,527
(American Veterinary Medical Association)

  Cat ownership has remained stable over time, horse and bird ownership has dropped, and speciality or exotic pets has increased. More than 13% of households have been reported to include fish, ferrets, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, other rodents, turtles, snakes, lizards, other reptiles, poultry and other livestock as pets, and amphibians. (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  The number of poultry owned as pets has climbed 23% over five years.  1.1% households on poultry with a total population of 15.4 million, an average of 11 poultry per household. (American Veterinary Medical Association)  

  “Interestingly, dogs may have a leg up in “crossover” pet ownership as well: half (49%) of cat owners also say they have a dog, while only a third (34%) of dog owners also have a cat.” (The Harris Poll)

  “The majority of dog owners have just one pooch in the house (61%), and the average number of dogs in these households is 1.6. Cat owners are somewhat less likely to limit their home to just one kitty (53%), and the average number of cats under those roofs is 2.0.”  
Number Dog(s) Cat(s) Bird(s)* Fish Other
1 61 53 53 25 47
2 27 29 23 13 19
3 7 8 11 9 12
4 3 4 9 13 7
5 2 2 3 10 6
6 or more 1 3 5 31 10
MEAN 1.6 2 2.8 7.5 2.9
(The Harris Poll)

   Ages of Dogs Owned December 31, 2016:  
<1 Year Old 1–5 6–10 11–15 16 or Older
Percent 0% 43.00% 0% 13% 0%
Number (1,000s) 7,596 3,507 25,746 9,782 1,180
   Ages of Cats Owned December 31, 2016:  
<1 Year Old 1–5 6–10 11–15 16 or Older
Percent 13.00% 41% 27% 15% 4%
Number (1,000s) 7,570 24,070 15,962 8,681 2,103
   “For one thing, Millennials clearly have bought into the idea of pet ownership. Those in the 18- to 34-year-old age group already have the highest likelihood of owning a pet, while 43% of those in this key demographic cohort who do not have a pet now say they want one in the future.” (GlobeNewswire) (Research and Markets)

  “Aging Boomers offer another, perhaps unexpected, bright spot for the American pet industry. A decade ago, just 34% of adults in the 70-and-over age group owned pets. In 2015 and 2016, when the leading edge of the Boomer generation began to turn 70, this percentage jumped to around 40%. If this incipient trend continues, the overall rate of pet ownership likely will increase in coming years.” (GlobeNewswire) (Research and Markets)

  “They’ve long been referred to as man’s best friend, and now new research from Mintel reveals that no one loves their mutt quite as much as American men. Today, some seven in 10 (71%) younger men aged 18-44 own a dog compared to just three in five (60%) of their female counterparts.” (Mintel Press Office)

  “The findings vary, however, for different pet species. Latino/ Hispanic households reported the highest rates of dog ownership (44.6%) and pet bird ownership (4.2%). White households showed the highest rate of cat ownership (31.8%), while the highest rate of pet horse ownership was among Native Americans/Asian/Pacific Islanders/Aleutians/Eskimos.” (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  “Pet ownership differs among racial and ethnic groups. The highest rate of pet ownership overall in 2016 was seen among White households (64.7%), with Latino/Hispanic (61.4%) households next. The lowest rate was found among Black/ African-American households (36.9%).” (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  “Household income was only slightly higher among pet-owning households compared to all households. Half (50%) of pet-owning households reported incomes of $55,000 or greater. Across all households, slightly less than half (48%) made more than $55,000. A higher share of horse owners (56%) and dog owners (52%) had incomes of more than $55,000, while a smaller share of cat (47%) and bird owners (41%) had incomes above $55,000.” (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  Pet ownership is highest in mobile home households (73.8%) and houses (65.8%). Apartments, condos, duplexes and other multiple-family residences have a lower rate of pet ownership.  (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  “In 2016 homeowners were more likely to own a pet than were renters.” (American Veterinary Medical Association)

  “Although religious tradition and biblical literalism generally do not predict pet ownership, frequent worship attendees and the most conservative evangelicals report owning fewer pets.” (ResearchGate)

  “Religious characteristics also predict Americans’ ownership of particular pets. Most notably, we find a strong, negative association between worship attendance and cat ownership.” (ResearchGate)

  “Americans with kids in the household are more likely to have at least one pet than those without (73% vs. 57%) – and kids in those households may themselves be more likely to be the pet owners of the future, as Americans who had a pet when they were growing up are more likely than those who didn’t to have one now (66% vs. 41%).” (The Harris Poll)

  Republicans have been shown to be more likely to have a pet than Democrats or Independents.
Political Party %
Republicans 68
Democrats 59
Independents 60
(The Harris Poll)

  The basic annual expenses for dog owners was $1,381 on average. The highest cost on average was for surgical vet visits. Food, routine vet visits, and kennel boarding closely accounted for the next highest costs. Basic Annual Expenses for dogs per year (2019-2020 survey)  
Expense 2019-2020 2017-2018 2015-2016 2013-2014
Surgical vet $426 $474 $551 $621
Routine visit $212 $257 $235 $231
Food $259 $235 $269 $239
Food treats $76 $72 $61 $65
Kennel boarding $229 $322 $333 $327
Vitamins $58 $58 $62 $64
Groomer/grooming aids $73 $84 $83 $61
Toys $48   $47 $47 $41
(Insurance Information Institute, Inc.)

  The basic annual expenses for cat owners was $908 on average. The highest cost on average was for food. Basic Annual Expenses for dogs per year (2019-2020 survey)
2019-2020 2017-2018 2015-2016 2013-2014 2011-2012
Surgical vet 214 245 398 382 425
Routine visit 160 182 196 193 219
Food 228 235 246 203 220
Food treats 58 56 51 36 41
Kennel boarding 120 164 130 337 166
Vitamins 54 46 33 77 43
Travel expenses  N/A N/A N/A N/A 48
Groomer/grooming aids 43 30 43 20 34
Toys 31 30 28 23 21
(American Veterinary Medical Association)

  U.S. Pet Industry Expenditures were expected to be $99.0 billion in 2020 U.S. Pet Industry Expenditures 2010-2019 (2019-2020 survey)
Year Expenditure (billions)
2010 $48.35
2011 50.96
2012 53.33
2013 55.72
2014 58.04
2015 60.28
2016 66.75
2017 69.51
2018 72.56
2019 (Estimated) 75.38
(Insurance Information Institute, Inc.)

  Updated techniques:  
Year Expenditure (billions)
2018 $90.5
2019 $95.7
2020 (estimated) $99.0
(American Pet Products Association, Inc.)

  45% of American pet owners spend the same or more on the healthcare needs of their pets than they do on themselves. (LendEDU)  

  11% of American pet owners have put off having kids or more children because of pet expenses and 8% have delayed getting married. (LendEDU)

  “The average US pet owner spent roughly $160 on pet care compared to around $93 in Britain, $65 in Germany, $45 in Japan, and less than $8 in China.” (Fortunly) (American Pet Products Association, Inc.)  

  “We also broke our results down by gender, and it seems that American women tend towards frugality when it comes to their pets. On average, women spend $116.61 every month on their animals, while men spend $136.99—$20 more.” (OppU)

  “Here’s a breakdown of all the data by animal: Birds: $113.89/month Cats: $92.98/month Dogs: $139.80/month Fish: $62.53/month Mice or Rats: $80/month Rabbits: $65/month Reptiles or Turtles: $116.63/month Small mammals: $251.82/month Other: $351.67/month” (OppU)

  Spending by age group: 14-17: $73/month 18-24: $173.67/month 25-34: $141.50/month 35-44: $107.85/month 45-54: $102.99/month 55 and up: $80.43/month (OppU)

  “At an average of $311.90 per month, it seems Delaware pet owners are dropping the most dough on their pets. When it comes to the state spending the least, head west to Idaho, where thrifty animal lovers keep their pet costs down to just $20 per month.” (OppU)  

 

Sources

Insurance Information Institute, Inc. Insurance Information Institute, Inc. American Pet Products Association Insurance Information Institute, Inc. Insurance Information Institute, Inc. American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association The Harris Poll The Harris Poll GlobeNewswire Research and Markets GlobeNewswire Research and Markets Mintel Press Office American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association American Veterinary Medical Association ResearchGate ResearchGate The Harris Poll The Harris Poll Insurance Information Institute, Inc. American Veterinary Medical Association Insurance Information Institute, Inc. American Pet Products Association, Inc. LendEDU LendEDU Fortunly American Pet Products Association, Inc. OppU OppU OppU OppU